Jan 23

Horizontal gene transfer and redundancy of tryptophan biosynthetic enzymes in dinotoms.

Horizontal gene transfer and redundancy of tryptophan biosynthetic enzymes in dinotoms.

Genome Biol Evol. 2014 Jan 21;

Authors: Imanian B, Keeling PJ

Abstract
A tertiary endosymbiosis between a dinoflagellate host and diatom endosymbiont gave rise to “dinotoms”, cells with a unique nuclear and mitochondrial redundancy derived from two evolutionarily distinct eukaryotic lineages. To examine how this unique redundancy might have affected the evolution of metabolic systems, we investigated the transcription of genes involved in biosynthesis of the amino acid tryptophan in three species, Durinskia baltica, Kryptoperidinium foliaceum, and Glenodinium foliaceum. From transcriptome sequence data, we recovered two distinct sets of protein-coding transcripts covering the entire tryptophan biosynthetic pathway. Phylogenetic analyses suggest a diatom origin for one set of the proteins, which we infer to be expressed in the endosymbiont, and that the other arose from multiple horizontal gene transfer events to the dinoflagellate ancestor of the host lineage. This is the first indication that these cells retain redundant sets of transcripts and likely metabolic pathways for the biosynthesis of small molecules and extend their redundancy to their two distinct nuclear genomes.

PMID: 24448981 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]