Oct 24

The flagellar apparatus of Breviata anathema, a eukaryote without a clear supergroup affinity.

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The flagellar apparatus of Breviata anathema, a eukaryote without a clear supergroup affinity.

Eur J Protistol. 2013 Aug;49(3):354-72

Authors: Heiss AA, Walker G, Simpson AG

Abstract
Breviata anathema is an anaerobic amoeboid flagellate that does not branch within any established ‘supergroup’. Molecular phylogenies suggest affinities to Amoebozoa, Opisthokonta, or apusomonads. Here we describe its flagellar apparatus ultrastructure. Breviata has two basal bodies. The flagellated anterior basal body (AB) is associated with a fan of ∼18 microtubules and a short singlet microtubular root. Three microtubular roots associate with the posterior basal body. One, the right root (RR), is initially a triplet that splits into two parts. The other two are singlets: the left root (LR), and the middle root (MR), which arises on the posterior side of the basal body. The MR, LR and smaller part of RR support the left ventral side of the cell, while the larger part of RR runs down the right. Outer dynein arms were not observed on the flagellar axoneme. The mitochondrion-like organelle sometimes contains some tubular cristae. The posterior flagellar apparatus resembles that of several eukaryotic lineages, particularly apusomonads, ancyromonads, excavates, and myxogastrid amoebozoans. This comparison suggests that the complex flagellar apparatus of myxogastrids is actually plesiomorphic within Amoebozoa. The widely distributed splitting right root and posterior singlet (MR in Breviata) may be plesiomorphies in many eukaryotic lineages, and thus could be features of the last eukaryotic common ancestor.

PMID: 23523042 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]