Using mitochondrial genome sequences to track the origin of imported Plasmodium vivax infections diagnosed in the United States.
Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2014 Jun;90(6):1102-8
Authors: Rodrigues PT, Alves JM, Santamaria AM, Calzada JE, Xayavong M, Parise M, da Silva AJ, Ferreira MU
Although the geographic origin of malaria cases imported into the United States can often be inferred from travel histories, these histories may be lacking or incomplete. We hypothesized that mitochondrial haplotypes could provide region-specific molecular barcodes for tracing the origin of imported Plasmodium vivax infections. An analysis of 348 mitochondrial genomes from worldwide parasites and new sequences from 69 imported malaria cases diagnosed across the United States allowed for a geographic assignment of most infections originating from the Americas, southeast Asia, east Asia, and Melanesia. However, mitochondrial lineages from Africa, south Asia, central Asia, and the Middle East, which altogether contribute the vast majority of imported malaria cases in the United States, were closely related to each other and could not be reliably assigned to their geographic origins. More mitochondrial genomes are required to characterize molecular barcodes of P. vivax from these regions.
PMID: 24639297 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]