Submergence of the filamentous Zygnematophyceae Mougeotia induces differential gene expression patterns associated with core metabolism and photosynthesis

Protoplasma. 2021 Dec 22. doi: 10.1007/s00709-021-01730-1. Online ahead of print.


The streptophyte algal class Zygnematophyceae is the closest algal sister lineage to land plants. In nature, Zygnematophyceae can grow in both terrestrial and freshwater habitats and how they do this is an important unanswered question. Here, we studied what happens to the zygnematophyceaen alga Mougeotia sp., which usually occurs in permanent and temporary freshwater bodies, when it is shifted to liquid growth conditions after growth on a solid substrate. Using global differential gene expression profiling, we identified changes in the core metabolism of the organism interlinked with photosynthesis; the latter went hand in hand with measurable impact on the photophysiology as assessed via pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) fluorometry. Our data reveal a pronounced change in the overall physiology of the alga after submergence and pinpoint candidate genes that play a role. These results provide insight into the importance of photophysiological readjustment when filamentous Zygnematophyceae transition between terrestrial and aquatic habitats.

PMID:34939169 | DOI:10.1007/s00709-021-01730-1